Arbidol Maximum (Umifenovir), 200 mg, 10 pcs.

$21.00
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Product Description

Structure

Active substance: Umifenovir hydrochloride monohydrate (in terms of Umifenovir hydrochloride) - 200 mg.

Excipients: potato starch - 52.67 mg, microcrystalline cellulose - 11.20 mg, colloidal silicon dioxide (Aerosil) - 2.80 mg, povidone (Collidone 25) - 7.73 mg, calcium stearate - 2.80 mg, croscarmellose sodium - 2.80 mg; capsule mass - 280 mg.

Hard gelatin capsules No. 0:

The composition of the capsule shell (body and cap): titanium dioxide (E 171) - 1.92 mg, gelatin - 94.08 mg. The total weight of the capsule is 376 mg.

pharmachologic effect

Pharmacotherapeutic group: antiviral agent.

ATX Code: J05AX13

Pharmacological properties

Pharmacodynamics

Antiviral agent. Specifically inhibits in vitro influenza A and B viruses (Influenzavirus A, B), including the highly pathogenic subtypes A (H1N1) pdm09 and A (H5N1), as well as other viruses that cause acute respiratory viral infections (SARS), associated with severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS), rhinovirus (Rhinovirus), adenovirus (Adenovirus), respiratory syncytial virus (Pneumovirus) and parainfluenza virus (Paramyxovirus)). 

According to the mechanism of antiviral action, it belongs to fusion (fusion) inhibitors, interacts with the hemagglutinin of the virus and prevents the fusion of the lipid membrane of the virus and cell membranes. It has a moderate immunomodulatory effect, increases the body's resistance to viral infections. 

It has interferon-inducing activity - in a study on mice, interferon induction was observed after 16 hours, and high titers of interferon remained in the blood until 48 hours after administration. Stimulates cellular and humoral immune responses: increases the number of lymphocytes in the blood, especially T-cells (CD3), increases the number of T-helpers (CD4), without affecting the level of T-suppressors (CD8), normalizes the immunoregulatory index, stimulates the phagocytic function of macrophages and increases the number of natural killer cells (NK cells).

Therapeutic efficacy in viral infections is manifested in a decrease in the duration and severity of the course of the disease and its main symptoms, as well as in a decrease in the frequency of development of complications associated with a viral infection and exacerbations of chronic bacterial diseases.

In the treatment of influenza or SARS in adult patients, a clinical study showed that the effect of the drug in adult patients is most pronounced in the acute period of the disease and manifests itself in a reduction in the resolution of symptoms of the disease, a decrease in the severity of the manifestations of the disease, and a reduction in the elimination of the virus.

Therapy with the drug leads to a higher frequency of relief of the symptoms of the disease on the third day of therapy compared with placebo - 60 hours after the start of therapy, the resolution of all symptoms of laboratory-confirmed influenza is more than 5 times higher than the similar indicator in the placebo group.

A significant effect of the drug on the rate of elimination of the influenza virus was established, which, in particular, was manifested by a decrease in the frequency of detection of virus RNA on the 4th day.

Refers to low toxic drugs (LD 50  > 4 g / kg). It does not have any negative effects on the human body when administered orally in recommended doses.

Pharmacokinetics It is rapidly absorbed and distributed to organs and tissues. The maximum concentration in blood plasma when taken at a dose of 50 mg is reached after 1.2 hours, at a dose of 100 mg - after 1.5 hours. It is metabolized in the liver. The elimination half-life is on average 17-21 hours. About 40% is excreted unchanged, mainly with bile (38.9%) and in a small amount by the kidneys (0.12%). During the first day, 90% of the administered dose is excreted.

Indications

  • Prevention and treatment in adults and children from 12 years: influenza A and B, other acute respiratory viral infections.
  • Complex therapy of recurrent herpetic infection.

  • Prevention of postoperative infectious complications.

  • Combined therapy of acute intestinal infections of rotavirus etiology in children over 12 years old.

Pregnancy and lactation

Animal studies have not revealed harmful effects on pregnancy, the development of the embryo and fetus, labor and postnatal development.

The use of the drug Arbidol® Maximum in the first trimester of pregnancy is contraindicated.

In the second and third trimester of pregnancy, Arbidol® Maximum can only be used for the treatment and prevention of influenza, and if the intended benefit to the mother outweighs the potential risk to the fetus. The benefit / risk ratio is determined by the attending physician.

It is not known whether Arbidol® Maximum passes into breast milk in women during lactation. If necessary, use Arbidol® Maximum should stop breastfeeding.

Contraindications

Hypersensitivity to umifenovir or any component of the drug; children under 12 years old. The first trimester of pregnancy. The period of breastfeeding.

Carefully       

The second and third trimesters of pregnancy.

Side effects

The drug Arbidol ® Maximum refers to low-toxic drugs and is usually well tolerated.

Side effects are rare, usually mild or moderate, and are transient.

The frequency of adverse drug reactions is determined in accordance with the WHO classification: very often (with a frequency of more than 1/10), often (with a frequency of at least 1/100, but less than 1/10), infrequently (with a frequency of at least 1/1000, but less than 1/100), rarely (with a frequency of at least 1/10000, but less than 1/1000), very rarely (with a frequency of less than 1/10000), the frequency is unknown (cannot be established according to available data).

Disorders from the immune system: rarely - allergic reactions.

If any of the side effects indicated in the instructions are aggravated, or if you notice any other side effects not listed in the instructions, inform your doctor.

Interaction

When prescribed with other drugs, no negative effects were noted.

Special clinical studies on the interactions of the drug Arbidol ® Maximum with other drugs have not been conducted.

Information about the presence of undesirable interactions with antipyretic, mucolytic and local vasoconstrictor drugs in a clinical trial have not been identified.

How to take, course of administration and dosage

A single dose for adults and children over 12 years of age is 200 mg (1 capsule).

Indication

Reception schedule

the drug

        In adults and children over 12 years of age:

Nonspecific prevention during the flu epidemic and other acute respiratory viral infections

in a single dose

2 times a week for 3 weeks.

Nonspecific prophylaxis in direct contact with patients with influenza and other acute respiratory viral infections

in a single dose

1 time per day for 10-14 days.

Treatment of influenza and other acute respiratory viral infections

in a single dose

4 times a day

(every 6 hours) for 5 days.

Complex treatment of recurrent herpetic infection

in a single dose

4 times a day

(every 6 hours) for 5-7 days, then in a single dose 2 times a week for 4 weeks.

Prevention of postoperative infectious complications

in a single dose

2 days before surgery, then on 2 and 5 days after surgery.

                    In children from 12 years old:

Complex therapy of acute intestinal infections of rotavirus etiology

 

in a single dose

4 times a day

(every 6 hours) for 5 days.

Taking the drug begins with the onset of the first symptoms of the disease with influenza and other acute respiratory viral infections, preferably within 3 days from the onset of the disease.

If after using the drug Arbidol ®  Maximum for three days during the treatment of influenza and other acute respiratory viral infections, the severity of the symptoms of the disease, including high temperature (38 ° C or more), remains, then you must consult a doctor to assess the validity of taking the drug.

Use the drug only according to the indications, the method of use and at the doses indicated in the instructions.

In the treatment of influenza and SARS, concomitant symptomatic therapy is possible, including taking antipyretic drugs, mucolytic and local vasoconstrictors.

Special instructions

It is necessary to observe the scheme recommended in the instructions and the duration of the drug. If you miss one dose of the drug, the missed dose should be taken as early as possible and continue the course of taking the drug according to the scheme begun.

If after using the drug Arbidol ®  Maximum for three days during the treatment of influenza and other acute respiratory viral infections, the severity of the symptoms of the disease, including high temperature (38 ° C or more), remains, then you must consult a doctor to assess the validity of taking the drug.

Impact on the ability to drive vehicles and mechanisms

It does not show central neurotropic activity and can be used in medical practice in people of various professions, including requiring increased attention and coordination of movements (drivers of transport, operators, etc.).

Release form

Capsules

Storage conditions

Store in a dry, dark place.

Shelf life

2 years.

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